An ancient African worldview translates from the traditional isiZulu umuntu ngumuntu ngabantu as "a person is a person through other persons". Victimology in South Africa recognises the African values of Ubuntu while critically analysing the dehumanising notions of victimhood, victimisation patterns, hidden victimisation in society and secondary victimisation by the Western criminal justice system. Justice in traditional Africa did not seek to create offences or offenders, but rather to maintain equilibrium in communitarian societies. is reconciliatory approach stands in stark contrast to the individual-oriented and punitive nature of Western concepts of law and criminal justice, highlighting the need in South Africa ? with its history of colonisation, apartheid, abuse of power and con ict ? to shift the boundaries of victimology outside the realm of narrow legal and oppressive frameworks of con ict and justice. Victimology in South Africa contains a cutting-edge presentation of contemporary scholarly discourse that is relevant both contextually and globally, seeking to stimulate further empirical inquiry and theory development, and to inform policy and practice.
SECTION 1: VICTIMOLOGY IN CONTEXT
Chapter 1 Overview of concepts in victimology
Chapter 2 Theoretical approaches and perspectives in victimology
Chapter 3 Assessing the extent and nature of victimisation in South Africa
Chapter 4 South African law and policies supporting victims' rights
Chapter 5 Victim empowerment in South Africa
Chapter 6 Challenges of the criminal justice system in addressing the needs of victims and witnesses
Chapter 7 Restorative justice in South Africa
Chapter 8 Restorative justice around the world and in cases of mass victimisation
SECTION 2: SPECIFIC PATTERNS OF VICTIMISATION
Chapter 9 The troublesome gender: (re)considering gender-based violence
Chapter 10 Victimisation of the elderly
Chapter 11 Victims of commercial crime
Chapter 12 Victims of motor vehicle hijacking
SECTION 3: MARGINALISATION AND MULTIPLE VICTIMISATION
Chapter 13 Victimisation vulnerability of street (community) children
Chapter 14 Kill or be killed: the plight of child soldiers in Africa
Chapter 15 Human trafficking with a focus on Africa
Chapter 16 Victims of hate crime
Chapter 17 Sex workers: survivors of multiple victimisation
Chapter 18 Military veterans as victims
Chapter 19 Offenders as victims: exploring victimisation within prison
SECTION 4: THE FUTURE OF VICTIMOLOGY
Chapter 20 An international criminal justice system for victims - The situation at the International Criminal Court
Chapter 21 International protocols on victims' rights and some reflections on significant recent developments in victimology
Chapter 22 Victimology in South Africa: some concluding remarks
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